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The Directory contains medical information about cosmetic and facial plastic surgery
Welcome to the Cosmetic Center Directory, the complete guide resource for people interested in plastic surgery.
 Find local cosmetic surgeons for breast augmentation, tummy tucks, face lifts, liposuction and much more.
 
 
 
 
 

LIPOPLASTY (liposuction)

Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty ("fat modeling"), liposculpture suction lipectomy ("suction-assisted fat removal") or simply lipo, is a cosmetic surgery operation that removes fat from many different sites on the human body. Areas affected can range from the abdomen, thighs and buttocks, to the neck, backs of the arms and elsewhere.
Several factors limit the amount of fat that can be safely removed in one session. Ultimately, the operating physician and the patient make the decision. There are negative aspects to removing too much fat. Unusual "lumpiness" and/or "dents" in the skin can be seen in those patients "over-suctioned". The more fat removed, the higher the surgical risk.

 
Techniques

In general, fat is removed via a cannula (a hollow tube) and aspirator (a suction device). Liposuction techniques can be categorized by the amount of fluid injection and by the mechanism in which the cannula works.

 

Suction-assisted liposuction

Suction-assisted liposuction is the standard method of liposuction. In this approach, a small cannula is inserted through a small incision. It is attached to a vacuum device. The surgeon pushes and pulls it in a forwards and backwards motion, carefully through the fat layer, breaking up the fat cells and drawing them out of the body by suction.

 
Ultrasound-assisted liposuction

In ultrasound-assisted or ultrasonic liposuction, a specialized cannula is used which transmits ultrasound vibrations within the body.  This vibration bursts the walls of the fat cells, emulsifying the fat (i.e., liquefying it) and making it easier to suction out. UAL is a good choice for working on more fibrous areas, like the upper back or male breast area. It takes longer than traditional liposuction, but not longer than tumescent liposuction. There is slightly less blood loss. There appears to be slightly more risk of seromas forming which may have to be drained with a needle.......Read more: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
Preparation

Before receiving any of the procedures, no anticoagulants should be taken for two weeks before the surgery. If general anesthesia or sedation will be used, and the surgery will be in the morning, fasting from midnight the night before is required. If only local anesthesia will be used, fasting is not required. Smoking of tobacco must be avoided for about two months prior to surgery, as nicotine interferes with circulation and can result in loss of tissue. Bruising can be seen in people who smoke post surgery

 
Procedure
  • In all liposuction methods, there are certain things that should be done when having the procedure:
  • The candidate and the surgeon will agree ahead of time on exactly which area(s) will be treated and both will discuss what outcome to expect

  • A consent form is signed on the day of surgery
  • An antibiotic will be given about an hour beforehand, or afterwards
  • The targeted areas are marked on the body while the candidate is in a standing position
  • Sometimes photos will be taken of the area to be treated, so the patient will have before and after photos
  • In the operating room, a sterilizing solution, such as Betadine, is applied to the relevant areas
  • Local anesthetic is injected and the patient may be given a sedative, either orally, or through an IV injection
  • Incisions are small, about a quarter to a third of an inch
  • The patient will probably have an IV fluid line, since they will be losing fluid with the fat, and the fluid balance must be kept intact
  • There will be some monitoring devices attached to the body to keep track of the blood pressure, heart rate, and blood oxygen level
  • The patient will feel only a scraping or rasping sensation from the cannula movement
  • Usually the patient can get up, walk around, and go home the same day if they did not receive general anesthesia, although they would need someone
    else to drive them.
 
 
Read more: Wikipedia, LIPOPLASTY (liposuction) the free encyclopedia
     
 
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NOTE: Material on this Directory is for information purposes only and is not a substitute for medical advice. You should always consult your doctor or medical professional

   

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